Tyler Family Practice in San Antonio, Tx
 

Annual Physical Exam

Adults should visit their health care provider from time to time, even if they are healthy. The purpose of these visits is to:

  • Screen for diseases
  • Assess risk of future medical problems
  • Encourage healthy lifestyles
  • Update vaccinations
  • Maintain a relationship with a doctor in the event of an illness

Even if you feel well, it still important to see your doctor regularly to check for potential problems. Most people who have high blood pressure don't even know it. The only way to find out is to have your blood pressure checked regularly. Likewise, high blood sugar and high cholesterol levels often do not produce any symptoms until the disease has become advanced.

There are specific times when you should see your health care provider. Age specific guidelines are as follows:

AGE 18 - 39

  • Have your blood pressure checked every year. Watch for blood pressure screenings in your area. Ask your health care provider if you can stop in to have your blood pressure checked. Check your blood pressure using the automated machines at local grocery stores or pharmacies. If the systolic number (top number) is greater than 130 or the diastolic number (bottom number) is greater than 85, contact your doctor.
  • Visit a dentist every year for an exam and cleaning.
  • If you have vision problems , have an eye exam every 2 years.
  • You should have two physical exams in your 20s. During the first exam, ask to have your cholesterol checked. Your height and weight should be checked at every exam. Other blood tests are not indicated in healthy young people.
  • Men should perform a monthly testicular self-exam. If you are not sure what you should be looking for, contact your health care provider for instruction.
  • Women should perform a monthly breast self-exam. If you are not sure what you should be looking for, contact your health care provider for instruction.
  • Women should have a yearly pelvic exam and Pap smear done to check for cervical cancer and other disorders. If your Pap smears are negative for 3 years in a row, your doctor may decrease the frequency of Pap smears to every 2 - 3 years.
  • After age 19, you should have a tetanus-diphtheria and accellular pertussis (TdAP) vaccine as one of your tetanus-diphtheria vaccines one time. You should have a tetanus-diphtheria booster every 10 years.


AGE 40 - 65

  • Have a physical exam every year. With each exam, you should have your height and weight checked. Other routine diagnostic tests are not recommended.
  • Men should have a yearly rectal exam to check for colorectal cancer and prostate cancer after the age of 50. You should also have a stool guaiac test done every year and flexible sigmoidoscopy every 3 - 5 years. Patients at high risk for colon cancer (those with long-standing ulcerative colitis, prior colorectal cancer, prior large colorectal adenomas and strong family histories of colon cancer) should be screened periodically with colonoscopy .
  • If your cholesterol level is normal, have it rechecked every 5 years.
  • Have your blood pressure checked every year.
  • Go to the dentist every year for an exam and cleaning.
  • Everyone should have regular eye exams every 2 years after the age of 40. Also have a test performed for glaucoma.
  • Women should perform a monthly breast self-exam. If you are not sure what you should be looking for, contact your health care provider for instruction.
  • Women should have a yearly pelvic exam and Pap smear done to check for cervical cancer and other disorders. If your Pap smears are negative for 3 years in a row, have your Pap smear done every 2 - 3 years.
  • Women over the age of 40 should have a mammogram done every year to check for breast cancer . Early mammograms may be recommended for women at high risk for breast cancer.
  • Vaccinations: 
    • Get a tetanus-diphtheria booster every 10 years.
    • After age 50, get a flu shot (influenza vaccine) every year.


AGE 65 AND OLDER

  • Have a yearly physical exam. With each exam, you should have your height and weight checked. Routine diagnostic tests are not recommended unless your doctor finds an abnormality in your history or physical exam.
  • Have a yearly rectal exam to check for colorectal cancer and prostate cancer. You should also have a stool guaiac test done every year.
  • Have your blood pressure checked every year.
  • Have your hearing tested every year.
  • If your cholesterol level is normal, have it rechecked every 3 - 5 years.
  • Have an eye exam every 2 years. Make sure your health care provider checks for glaucoma.
  • Go to the dentist every year.
  • Every 3 - 5 years have a sigmoidoscopy exam or every 10 years have a colonoscopy. During this test, your health care provider will insert a telescope-like tube into a portion of your colon to check for cancer.
  • Women should perform a monthly breast self-exam. If you are not sure what you should be looking for, contact your health care provider for instruction.
  • Women should continue to have a yearly pelvic exam and Pap smear done to check for cervical cancer and other disorders. If your Pap smears are negative for 3 years in a row, have your Pap smear done every 1 - 3 years.
  • Women should have a mammogram done every year to check for breast cancer.
  • Vaccinations :
    • After age 65, get a pneumonia vaccine (pneumococcal vaccine-polyvalent).
    • Get a flu shot (influenza vaccine) every year.
    • Get a tetanus-diphtheria booster (TD vaccine) every 10 years.

Michael E Tyler, MD
Suite 235
14615 San Pedro
San Antonio Tx 78232
Ofc: (210) 491-9441
Fax: (210) 491-9480

For Emergencies Dial 911

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